Afnan is currently a Research Fellow at the University of Vaasa. He has completed his M.Sc. & Ph.D. from
School of Technology and Innovation, University of Vaasa, Finland. His areas of expertise are innovation
management, New Product and Services Development, Small and Medium Size Businesses (SMEs), Entrepreneurship and Brain Drain or Human Capital Flight in Finland. He has presented his research on many reputable international platforms in the USA, Italy, Poland and Japan. He has a number of publications in various journals, available online.